Houston Deco: Houston's Modernistic Architecture

Quick, cooperative efforts by leading bankers and businessmen along with major oil discoveries in southeast Texas shielded Houston from the worst effects of the Great Depression. Modernistic buildings were constructed throughout the 1930s. Late in the decade, architects Alfred C. Finn and Joseph Finger each received important federally funded commissions through the influence of Houstonian Jesse H. Jones, chairman of the Reconstruction Finance Corp. These commissions resulted in significant modernistic buildings, although most of Finn's largest public projects have been demolished.

Click on the name or thumbnail image of any building for more information.


  Humble Oil & Refining Co.
Filling Station Nos. 179 and 157

1930, John F. Staub
  J.C. Parks Building
1930, James Ruskin Bailey
  Merchants & Manufacturers Building
1930, Giesecke & Harris
  Minimax Store No. 1
1930
  Barker Brothers Studio
1931, Joseph Finger
  Sterling Building
1931, Hedrick & Gottlieb
endangered
 
  Santa Fe Building
1932, E.A. Harrison
  Wilson Building
1932, William Ward Watkin
  Hollywood Grill
1933
demolished
 
  Kyle Block
1933, Babin & Neff
  Robischung-Kiesling, Inc.
1933
demolished
 
  Allen's Shoes
1934
demolished
 
  Byrd's Department Store
1934, Joseph Finger
  Sterling Laundry & Cleaning Co.
1935, Sol R. Slaughter
demolished
 
  1102-1106 Yale Street
c. 1936
  Butler-Grimes Notions Co.
1936
demolished
 
  Quality Laundry
1936
  First National Bank of Beaumont
1937, F.W. Steinman & Son and Fred C. Stone
  Hawthorne & McGee Service Station
1937
demolished
 
  Houston Building and Loan Association
1937, John F. Staub and Kenneth Franzheim
demolished
 
  Oil & Gas Building
1937, Kenneth Franzheim
demolished
 
  Ralph Rupley Furs
1937, Dehnert & Vesey
demolished
 
  River Oaks Community Center
1937, Nunn & McGinty with Oliver C. Winston
partially demolished
 
  Tower Community Center
1937, Joseph Finger
endangered
 
  Empire Room, Rice Hotel
1938, Kenneth Franzheim
demolished
 
  Minimax Store No. 2
1938
demolished
 
  Settegast Estate Building
1938, Moore & Lloyd
  Wehring's Grocery and Market
1938
  Weingarten's Big Food Market Nos. 14, 16 and 21
1938 and 1941, Joseph Finger; 1947
demolished/altered
 
  Eldorado Ballroom
1939, Lenard Gabert
  Monarch Cleaners and Launderers
1939, Lenard Gabert
altered
  Sears, Roebuck & Co.
1939, Nimmons, Carr & Wright
endangered
 


  Cameron Iron Works
1935
  Houston Casket Company
1935, Moore & Lloyd
  Clarke & Courts Printing & Lithography Co.
1936, Joseph Finger
  Lone Star Creamery Co.
1937, J.M. Glover
  Parker Bros. & Co. Building
1939, Joseph Finger


  Jefferson County Courthouse
1931, Fred C. Stone and A. Babin
  Liberty County Courthouse
1931, Corneil G. Curtis and A.E. Thomas
  Alamo Elementary School
1935, Raymond R. Rapp
  Temple of Rest, Beth Israel Cemetery
1935, Joseph Finger
  Chambers County Courthouse
1936, Corneil G. Curtis
  South County Office Building
1936, C.L. Wignall and Stone & Pitts
  Goose Creek Federal Building and Post Office
1937, Louis A. Simon
  Galveston Post Office, Custom House and Courthouse
1937, Alfred C. Finn
  Houston Fire Station No. 11
1937, J.D. Bace Corp.
  Jefferson Davis Hospital
1937, Alfred C. Finn and Joseph Finger
demolished
 
  Mirabeau B. Lamar Senior High School
1937, Kenneth Franzheim and John F. Staub
with Lamar Q. Cato, Louis A. Glover and Harry D. Payne
  Orange County Courthouse
1937, C.H. Page
  Sam Houston Coliseum and Music Hall
1937, Alfred C. Finn
demolished
 
  St. Joseph Hospital Maternity and Children's Building
1938, I.E. Loveless
demolished
 
  San Jacinto Monument
1938, Alfred C. Finn
  City Hall
1939, Joseph Finger
  Friendswood School
1939, Lamar Q. Cato
  Science Building and Roy G. Cullen Memorial Building,
University of Houston

1939, Lamar Q. Cato
  Stephen F. Austin Junior High School
1939, Ben Milam
  U.S. Appraisers Stores
1939, Louis A. Simon
endangered
 
  U.S. Post Office Franklin Station and Federal Office Building
1939, Louis A. Simon
endangered
 
  Webster High School
1939, R.G. Schneider


  Heights Theater
1935
  North Main Theater
1936
 

Tower Theater
1936, W. Scott Dunne
altered

  Martini Theater
1937, W. Scott Dunne
endangered
 
 

Alabama Theater
1939, Pettigrew & Worley
altered

  Navaway Theater
1939
demolished
 
  River Oaks Theater
1939, Pettigrew & Worley
endangered
 


  Residence for Mr. and Mrs. L.D. Allen
1936, Wirtz & Calhoun
  Residence for Robert I. Cohen III
1936
  Residence for Mr. and Mrs. Virgil Childress
1937, Moore & Lloyd
  Residence for Dr. and Mrs. Lynn G. Howell
1937, Campbell & Keller
  Residence for F.M. Kannenstine
1937, Dehnert & Vesey
  Windsor Court Apartments
1937, Cameron Fairchild
  1801 Lexington St.
1938
  Almeda Court Apartments
1939, Dixon & Ellis
  1837 Branard St.
1939
  Josephine Apartments
1939, F. Perry Johnston
  Residence for Mr. and Mrs. John Lroy
1939, Harry A. Turner

 

 

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